Structure of an Article: See our tips and suggestions for putting together a perfect article

Find out the correct structure of a scientific article and how to write it according to ABNT standards.

You probably already know that producing a scholarly work, be it in any format, such as TCC, monograph, scientific article, PIM, among others, is not an easy task.

Questions regarding formatting according to ABNT standards, writing pattern and structuring are some of the most common that hang over the heads of academic students.

Speaking of the structuring of a scientific article, there are some parts that are essential in an academic work of this kind, and this article gathers and explains each one of them.

What is a scientific article?

According to the definition of ABNT NBR 6022, which was last revised and modified in 2003, a scientific paper is a “publication with authored authorship, which presents and discusses ideas, methods, techniques, processes and results in the various areas of the knowledge.”

A scientific article is nothing more than a report of results, these coming from the research of a certain phenomenon or whatever the object of study, with the main purpose of presenting publicly the data researched.

It discusses ideas, methods, processes and results in general about the research, with the possibility of later being published in a journal.

What is the correct structure of a scientific article?

Many students have doubts about structuring a scientific article, if you are one of them you can rest easy because it is not a seven headed animal.

Now that you already know what a scientific article is, keep in mind that its structure is the same as the other papers have, containing pre-textual, textual elements and finally post-textual elements and with some categories in each one their. See below:

1. Pre-textual elements of a scientific article

In the pre-textual elements of a scientific article should be present information regarding the authorship and thematic of the text, as well as the name of the educational institution.

In these cases it is also recommended that in the footnotes enter contact information of the student.

Still in this same category, the abstract appears, which briefly and succinctly shows the objective of the academic work, as well as all the main points that will be approached in the course of the article.

Soon after this summary are the keywords, which are of extreme importance for the academic work as they serve as a research reference, in addition to promoting a prior recognition of the theme, for these reasons they must be well thought out and chosen in a way that represent with praise the meaning and context of the text and reach the comprehension of all the readers.

2. Textual elements of a scientific article

Within the category of textual elements of a scientific article are:

  • Introduction
  • Materials and methodology used
  • Results and discussion
  • Conclusion

The introduction should also briefly present the theme and objectives to be achieved through this research, as well as to discuss a little about the methodology used, in order to give a general overview to the reader of the subjects that will be approached.

From the introduction it is necessary to start working on the development of the article, which involves in a more profound and explanatory way the methodology used, the theoretical basis of the work, the results and data collected and finally the conclusion.

This part of the scientific article has a much more descriptive character and it is necessary to give details about the material that was used, as well as what was done to arrive at a conclusion for the problem presented on a certain phenomenon or object of study.

In the conclusion it is essential that there be information about the interpretation of the result, deductions about the findings and should always answer the questions raised throughout the article.

It is also important that you present at the end of the academic work, recommendations and projections for the future regarding the subject studied.

3. Post-textual elements of a scientific article

In the post-textual elements of a scientific article are included references and possible additional information, such as explanatory notes, summary in a foreign language, among others, these may appear as optional elements, such as appendix, annexes, glossary, among others.

This category also includes acknowledgments to the educational institution and contributors to the study and research in general, be they actively as interviewed, or passively as family and friends.

The references follow specifications according to NBR 6023 and have certain specifications so that they are presented correctly and standardized in an academic work.

The general rule for the benchmark to be standardized and facilitate the search for the titles in the research is:

SURNAME, Name of the author. Title of the work (negritado). Edition (except when this is the first publication). City of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Remember to always follow the rules and specifications of ABNT, not only in the referential material, but also in the whole article, so that you can do the delivery of your academic work without being barred or suffer greater problems because of its standardization.

A great tip is that you already apply the formatting rules at work as you write the same, as this will save time and make you face this task in a lighter way.

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If you are having difficulty with your CBT, whether in any part of it, or even about what is a scientific article, you find unique and quality content that can help you on the Academic Project website and all for free.

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